Science research news Return to previous page
Article Released Thu-12th-July-2018 05:42 GMT
Contact: Tyler Tannert Institution: Hokkaido University
 Mapping species range shifts under recent climatic changes

The inclusion of taxon-specific sensitivity to a shifting climate helps us understand species distributional responses to changes in climate.

NOAA Oscar Dyson
Environmentally-complex Bering seascape with seasonal seaice cover, 25 June 2014. In the background is the NOAA research vessel, Oscar Dyson.
Copyright : Photo credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce
Marine species in the eastern Bering Sea are not shifting their distribution ranges fast enough to keep track of current changes in climate, according to a study led by researchers at Hokkaido University.

As global climate change alters sea temperatures and environmental conditions, marine species need to track these signals at a sufficient pace to remain within their climatic habitat. However, lags in distributional responses to temperature shifts have been documented in terrestrial and aquatic taxa, as species range dynamics are also influenced by factors other than climate.

Irene Alabia, a fisheries oceanographer at Hokkaido University’s Arctic Research Center, led a study to evaluate multi-taxa responses to contrasting climatic regimes in the eastern Bering Sea, defined by persistent stanzas of regional warming and cooling. She worked with colleagues at Hokkaido University and the University of Alaska Fairbanks to examine potential distributions of 21 fish and invertebrate species in the eastern Bering Sea between 1993 and 2016. These were generated from multi-ensemble habitat models correlating taxon-specific occurrences to suite of climatic (winter sea surface temperature) and environmental factors (winter sea ice cover and depth).

Using satellite-derived environmental data and species data from bottom trawl surveys, the team compared rates of local climatic change (climatic velocity) to both observed (data-driven) and expected (model-driven) species distributional responses. They found that the climatic velocities were poorly correlated with observed and expected distributional responses, underpinning the importance of incorporating species-specific sensitivity to climate variation when predicting rates of range shifts in response to climatic changes. Further, most of the species examined were trailing behind climate change, potentially increasing their vulnerability to future climate fluctuations.

“Our results can be useful for reinforcing current conservation and management efforts, and help develop adaptive management strategies to deal with varying impacts of climate changes to marine resources in the region,” says Irene Alabia of Hokkaido University. The study was published in the journal Diversity and Distributions.
Bering Sea Data
(a) Rates of local climatic change, (b) expected (bioclimatic velocity) and observed (biotic velocity) distribution responses for the Arctic cod (cold-adapted species) and Flathead sole (warm-water species) across a cold to warm climate transition in the eastern Bering Sea (inset map for geographic reference). Cold to warm transition provides favorable conditions for warm-adapted species while creates unsuitable environment for cold-water taxon.
Copyright : Hokkaido University

Associated links

Journal information

Diversity and Distributions

Funding information

This study was supported by Arctic Challenge for Sustainability (ArCS) Program, Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).

Keywords associated to this article: climate change, oceanography, marine life, Bering Sea, biology, ocean temperature
Create Account...