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 Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Eighth International Conference on Dryland Development

Soil & water conservation & degradation; Dust-storm process; Range management; Forage & livestock production; Biodiversity & Ethnobotany; Stress physiology; Renewable energy; Indigenous/traditional knowledge & heritage; Sustainable development of oasis; desert communities & socioeconomic studies; & role of NGO’s; Application of new...

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Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Eighth International Conference on Dryland Development 25-28 February 2006, Beijing, China

Edited by
Mohan C. Saxena

International Dryland Development Commission - February 2006
Copyright: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), 2006

Contents
Plenary Session Presentations
Concurrent Session Presentations
Theme 1: Soil and water conservation and degradation
Theme 2: Dust-storm process
Theme 3: Range management
Theme 4: Forage and livestock production
Theme 5: Biodiversity and Ethnobotany
Theme 6: Stress physiology
Theme 7: Renewable energy
Theme 8: Indigenous/traditional knowledge and heritage
Theme 9: Sustainable development of oasis; desert communities and socioeconomic studies; and role of non-governmental organizations
Theme 10: Application of new technologies and technology transfer; crop improvement for dry areas

Plenary Session Presentations

1. Future challenges to the sustainable use of natural resources in the dry areas
2. The future dimensions of drylands in the implementation of the UNCCD
3. Sustainable development for fragile ecosystems
4. Progress in aeolian desertification in China
5. The role of traditional hydrotechnology in dryland development: Karez, Qanat and Foggara
6. The use of spatial data for integrated agricultural planning and management
7. Jatropha curcas L., an excellent source of renewable energy in the dry areas
8. Living with desert: ‘CWANA-Plus’ partnership
9. Agricultural water consumption management in Iran considering aridity and drought incidences
10. Development of dryland China from historical view: a case of development of the natural oasis and its desertification over the last 2000 years in Minqin basin
11. Desertification and its control in India
12. Scientific bases of increasing efficiency of rainfed lands of Kyrgyzstan
13. Sustainable development in semi-arid communal rangelands
14. Sustainable water supply in the 21st century

Concurrent Session Presentations

Theme 1: Soil and water conservation and degradation
1. Comparison of regional flood frequency analyses methods
2. Water management using drainage water and its impact on irrigated rice in the Delta region of Egypt.
3. Rainfall time series in semi-arid environment of Mauritania
4. Desertification controlled by fluvial, aeolian and playa interactions: evolution in the distal part of a terminal fan and a case study from an arid land in Central Iran
5. Floodwater effect on infiltration rate of a floodwater spreading system in Moosian
6. Determination the limits of precipitation variation in different points of watershed, by using distance of point to rain gage in arid and semiarid regions
7. Study on relationship between precipitation parameters and erosivity factor in Khuzestan province, Iran
8. Assessment of agro-environmental degradation in hyperarid zone-Sudan
9. Paleoenvironmental determination of a loess-paleosol sequence by using Fusarium species and different forms of iron in NE Iran
10. Wind erosion and performance of the wind erosion prediction system (WEPS) on the dryland of the Columbia Plateau in the United States
11. The combined impacts of soil cultivation and crop residue on C and N kinetics in a semi-arid soil
12. Micromorphological investigation on a loess-paleosol sequence in Gorgan, northeast of Iran
13. Characteristics and classification of degraded wind deposited gypsiferous saline-alkali soils in eastern part of Isfahan, Iran
14. Research on the adaptability and ecological effect of the plantation tree species in leanness limestone mountainous areas of Jiang Xi province
15. Identification of indicators of salinization processes in Luohui irrigation scheme, China: Part of research to prevent salinization
16. Water vapor movement in salinized soils
17. Desertification assessment, monitoring, and modeling - A presentation of DeSurvey background and operation
18. Field observation of runoff characteristic within a gully in an ocher plateau
19. The image of the desert in Chinese literature: The legend of Wang Chao-chan
20. Interrelations of soil and vegetation in Hoz-e-Soltan region of Qom province, Iran
21. Study on the groundwater and its chemical characteristics in Badain Jaran desert region
22. Desertification and its control in Erdos region
23. Chloride as a tracer and climatic change during the last 2000 years recorded from unsaturated zone of Badain Jaran desert
24. Vegetation cover change during 1981 to 2001 in Northwest China
25. Regionalization of land surface heat fluxes and evaporation over heterogeneous landscape of arid area by using satellite data and field observations
26. Investigation on soil erosion using geomorphology and EPM model, a case study of Talegan watershed in Iran
27. Effects of Formica cunicularia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on revegetated desert ecosystem in the Tengger Desert, Northern China
28. Using underground water in desert region
29. The influence of the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature on the winter precipitation in southwestern Iran
30. Detection of soil evaporation and plant transpiration by three-temperatures model (3T model)
31. Opportunites for producing more food with less water in dry areas
32. Assessing land degradation hazard intensity and management plans using subjective model and analytical hierarchy process in Gorgan semi-arid plain, Iran
32. Chloride dynamics as signature indicator of salinity in dryland regolith after deforestation
33. The relationship between climate change condition and the forms of chemical compounds of nutrient elements in dry steppe soils of Mongolia
34. Climatic variability and changes in arid and semiarid regions of Iran in relation to drought and water scarcity
35. Important factors affecting suspended sediment yield in arid and semi-arid areas of Central Iran
36. Evaluation of organic-based emulsions for stabilization of dryland soils in the southwestern United States
37. Impact of draught animal and mechanization on the soil structural state, yield and erosion
38. The role of sustainable agricultural management in the prevention of land degradation in Iran
39. Combating desertification via an integrated approach
40. Agricultural drought with special reference to soil water availability and water requirement of dryland crops in Marasthwada, India
41. Two new simulation models for plant breeders and agronomists- theory and applications
42. Application of random cascade model to heterogeneous transportation in dune sand
43. Effects of rainfall characteristics on infiltration and redistribution patterns in an arid shrub desert
44. Comparison of small-scale environment for three type biological crusts on longitudinal dune surface in Gurbantunggut Desert, China
45. Sand stabilization and microhabitat effect of shrub belts on the top of the Mogao Grottoes
46. Wind erodibility of soil after fall tillage in a dryland wheat-fallow cropping system
47. Integrated techniques for sustainable development: a boon for ground water recharge in hard rock terrain
48. Profile distribution and density of soil organic and inorganic carbon in chestnut soil
49. Late quaternary palaeoclimate in the deserts of northwestern China
50. Effect of saline water management on rice production and soil improvements in salt accumulated rice field
51. Terracing, an effective solution to the problem of soil erosion and food deficiency in the hilly area of loess plateau
52. Formulating provincial integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans for land degradation control in the drylands of western China
53. Land desertification and eco-economic sustainable development in irrigated areas of the downstream of the Yellow river
55. Global overview of desertification: Perspective from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
56. Study on the rainwater outflow of small basin in Loess Plateau
57. The Impact of irrigation technology development on land salinization in Xinjiang Manasi River Valley
58. Study on temporal variation of sediment yield and determination of factors affecting it, a case study of Taleghan watershed

Theme 2: Dust-storm process

1. Vorticity influence upon dust storm generation in Inner Mongolia and northern China
2. High concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 associated with atmospheric boundary layer in Seoul city during yellow sand event
3. Assessing wind erosion vertical dust fluxes: direct measures vs. models
4. Dust storm process and its interactions with climate
5. Dust sandstorm dynamics analysis in northern China by means of atmospheric, emission, dispersion modeling ( to be presented by Guarnieri, Francesca)
6. Statistical law of particles ejected from the surface in steady state saltation
7. Dynamics of wind erosion in the Xilin River Basin, Inner Mongolia
8. The climatic characteristics of sandstorm in the Hexi corridor
9. Linkages between sand transport, surface roughness, and dust generation-new approach to difficult problem
10. Integration of the advanced remote sensing technologies to investigate the dust and sand storm source areas
11. A study on threshold wind velocity of particles on slope
12. Research and programs that lessen likelihood of dust bowl reoccurrence
13. Dust and sandstorms in NE Asia: a transboundary environmental problem
14. Experimental dust production: saltation bombardment efficiency on erodible soil surfaces
15. An integrated approach to combat dust sand storms in Northern China
16. Circulation dynamical structure in course of dust storm occurrence over the north China
17. Quantitative prediction of Asian dust storms using an Integrated dust storm prediction system
18. Ground-surface conditions for sand-dust event occurrences and soil conservation of Aibi Lake region in Xinjiang, China
19. Land degradation and wind erosion in Tunisia

Theme 3: Range management

1. Assessing some Atriplex lentiformis effects on soil characteristics and vegetation cover in planted land: A case study from Dashly- Broun region of Golestan province
2. Comparison of different range utilization methods and their effect on range condition: A case study from Damghan rangelands
3. Physical land evaluation for extensive grazing using GIS, in a watershed of Khorasan province, north-eastern of Iran
4. Application of remote sensing in mapping potential for rangelands in the desert of India
5. Landscape function analysis (LFA) : A new method for rangeland eosystem function assessment
6. A number of ecological propositions and their implications for rangeland management in drylands
7. Investigation of range condition and range condition trend at protected and unprotected rangeland in semiarid region: A case study: from Buein Zahra, Qazvin province, Iran
8. Daily transpiration rates of Festuca ovina and Agropyron intermedium rangeland species
9. Rangeland degradation related to social and ecological characteristics of 50 communities in the Syrian steppe
10. Effective environmental factors in distribution of vegetation types in Voshnaveh of Qom Province (Iran)
11. Role of Salsola in grazing cycle of livestock from ranges of dry regions
12. Investigation of the ecological needs of Astragalus adscendens (producer of Gaz) in Lorestan Shoulabad region of Iran

Theme 4: Forage and livestock production

1. Pasture and forage legume improvement for food security in the dry areas of Central and West Asia
2. Some aspects of forage quality assessment
3. Study on milk production potential of Pakistani camel (Camelus dromedarius) kept under dry land conditions
4. Feed legume strategies for improved crop-livestock production in the dry areas of Central and West Asia and North Africa
5. Forage potential of leguminous and non-leguminous fodder shrubs in the dry areas of West Asia
6. Investigation on effects of phenological stages and species on forage quality of rangeland grazing by Fashandy breed sheep, a case study from Taleghan region of Iran
7. Adaptable system of arid fodder production
8. Evaluation of triticale lines as a new crop for cold dryland areas in Iran

Theme 5: Biodiversity and Ethnobotany

1. Agrobiodiversity conservation and the livelihoods of local communities in the dry areas of West Asia
3. The effect of soil factors and water-logging on canopy cover in some index plant species in arid and semiarid Aghqalla-Gomishan region
4. Biodiversity and conservational strategies of Ziziphus species, a multi-uses plant in dry lands of Iran
5. Plant diversity, environmental adaptations and balanced management of central Asian deserts
6. Ethnobotanical studies on medicinal plants of Ziarat region in Golestan province in Iran
7. Bryophytes in Qilian Mt. and adjacent areas
8. Land use and biodiversity conservation in the agro-pastoral interlocked land in Inner Mangolia: A case study of Horqin Sandy Land

Theme 6: Stress physiology

1. Effects of defoliation and water stress on the growth of determinate and indeterminate soybean cultivars
2. Water deficit stress effect at vegatative growth and reproductive improvement stages of soybean ( Glycine max L. Merr.) genotypes
3. Leaf water potential and photosynthesis in water stressed seedlings of Robinia pseudoacacia and Quercus liaotungensis
4. Effect of genotype variability on nitrate uptake and assimilationof wheat cultivars
5. The effects of drought stress and harvest time on seed vigour and germination of wheat cultivar in Khuzestan province
6. Genetic variatation of stem reserve utilization for grain filling in promising bread wheat genotypes for moderated cold rainfed conditions of Iran
7. Drought tolerance indices in chick pea and their related traits
8. Effects of water stress in germination and vegetative growth stages, some pure lines of wheat under different water levels
9. Study on some physiological characters in tolerant and sensitive barley varieties under stress and non-stress conditions
10. Effects of different nitrogen levels on yield and yield components of wheat cultivars under rainfed and well-watered conditions
11. The effects of drought stress on physiological characteristics of forage pearl millet
12. Effect of water stress, plant density and ethephon on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.)
13. Photosynthetic characteristics of desert plants Haloxylon ammodendron and Calligonum mongolicum in conditions of high temperature and irradiation
14. Effect of soil matric potential on waxy corn (Zea mays L. sinensis Kulesh) growth and water use in salt soil in arid areas
15. Sodium uptake pathways in a salt-accumulating halophyte
16. Drought tolerance and micro-structure of stomata in woody species in loess plateau
17. The impact of irrigation water quality on water uptake by citrus trees
18. Estimation of evapotranspiration from maize crop combining sap flow, and weighing lysimeter data
19. Adaptation of Sophora moorcroftiana (Benth.) Baker to Yarlung Zangbo River Valley environments in middle Tibet

Theme 7: Renewable energy

1. An experimental study on water-making system using natural energy in Tottori Sand Dune
2. Sustainable energy carrier production from biomass by microbes in drylands
3. Windmill, the only viable option for Thar
4. Fermentative hydrogen production from sugar crops in dryland by mixed culture
5. Potential renewable energy sources in Indian Thar desert

Theme 8: Indigenous/traditional knowledge and heritage

1. The role of indigenous knowledge in sustainable development of natural resources
2. Traditional Syrian water management
3. The role of indigenous knowledge in the livelihood activities of rural communities in Sudan
4. Sustainable water resources management in central drylands of Iran: Traditional knowledge or modern technologies, a case study from Yazd province
5. Water harvesting methods in arid regions of Iran
6. Indigenous agricultural knowledge in rainfed rice-based farming systems: means to sustainable agriculture
7. Strategies for sustainable Qanat rehabilitation

Theme 9: Sustainable development of oasis; desert communities and socioeconomic studies

(a) Sustainable development of oasis and dryland environments
1. Implementation of the approaches of UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) through local area development to combat desertification in district Tharparkar, Pakistan
2. Twenty-five years’experience of research in dryland areas in Morocco
3. Simulation of critical scale of oasis maintenance and development in the arid areas of north-west China
4. Desertification process and driving model in Minqin Oasis, Gansu Province
5. Developing a science of desert living – towards a new understanding for livelihood
6. Alternative futures analysis of desertification: Implications for China
7. An ecosystems approach for sustainable management of dryland environments
8. Innovative cross-disciplinary approach to impact assessment of climate change on agricultural production system in arid areas
9. Experiences of sustainable management of marginal drylands in eight countries

(b) Desert communities and socioeconomic studies
1. Empowering rural communities for better management of collective rangelands in desert - from concept to implementation
2. The role of urban and rural women in sustainable energy development in Iran
3. The role of indigenous range-use organs in range improvement activities in arid and semiarid regions
4. Social changes and rangeland-based livestock management in developing countries- lessons from Iran
5. The quantitative relationship between urbanization and water resources utilization in the Hexi Corridor
6. Optimizing the environment law to combat desertification; A case study 0f Gansu Province, Peoples Republic of China
7. Livestock production strategies as related to community characteristics: the case of Syrian Badia
8. Study on the threshold of urban economic development and urbanization with the restraint of water resource in arid area of Northwest China
9. Lay environmental perceptions and their policy implications for mitigating desertification in Minqin County, Gansu Province
10. Water quality in courtyard rainwater cistern systems in rural area of Gansu Province of northwest China
11. Combating desertification – technology is not enough
12. Impact of dust and sand storms on the economy and the environment in
Northeast Asia
13. Factors affecting adoption behavior regarding soil conservation technologies in the watershed area of Zarrin Gol, Golistan province, Iran
14. Perception of dryland farmers regarding economic and social aspects
of sustainability
15. Impact of improving access to off farm employment opportunities on alleviation of grassland degradation and rural poverty
16. Improving rural livelihood in Afghanistan through the promotion of sustainable production technologies for high value crops
17. Range management options and transaction costs amongst pastoral households in West Asia and North Africa
18. Evaluation of agricultural sustainability in rural village in the suburbs of Yanan City, Sanxi, China
19. The coupling mechanism between the urbanization and eco-environment in water-resource constrained west China: A case study on Hexi corridor
20. Sustainable development of desert communities: from pastoral to sedentary farming systems in northwest Egypt
21. Housing design performance affected by sand deposits in Sahara desert
22. Detecting and monitoring impacts of ecological importance in semiarid rangelands
23. INT-79, the hidden language of rural water supply programs
24. Environmental law reform to control land degradation in the dryland region of Western China
25. Dust storms in Northeast Asia - an economic analysis
26. Community participation in watershed development and management in Madhya Pradesh, India
27. Impact of dust and sand storms on the economy and the environment in Northeast Asia
29. The changes of vegetation structure along oasis-desert ecotone in northwest China

Theme 10: Application of new technologies and technology transfer
and crop improvement for dry areas

1. Economic evaluation of drip (tape) irrigation method in wheat compared to
surface irrigation in water-limited areas
2.Saffower as a new crop in the dryland of Iran
3. Effect of different tillage and rotation on crop performance
4. Screening for wheat stem sawfly resistance and associated morphological traits under rainfed conditions of western Iran
5. Influence of supplementary irrigation and variety on yield and some agronomic characters of rapeseed and mustard under rainfed conditions in northern Syria
6. Study of drought tolerance in spring-type canola (Brassica napus) cultivars
7. Effect of drought stress on qualitive and and quantitive of yield, yield components and relative water content in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars
8. Crop water productivity a strategy for sustainable development in drylands
9. Introducing and growing some fruiting columnar cacti in a new arid environment
10. Effect of water deficit and time of nitrogen application on yeld and water productivety of rice (Oryza sativa L.)
11. Long-term effects of fertilizer and water availability on cereal yield and soil chemical properties in Northwest China
12. Effect of nitrogen on wheat grain yield under terminal drought stress
13. Phenotypic stability in chickpea genotypes using nonparametric methods under rainfed conditions
14. The role of improved production technology in wheat self sufficiency
15. Application of municipal treated sewage through drip irrigation and effect on soil properties in semiarid region
16. Effect of mistletoe on macronutrients of hornbeam and ironwood trees in Hyrcanian forest
17. The characteristics of water status in Populus euphratica at foreland of oases on Taklamkan desert
18. Breeding for cold tolerance in wheat and barley in cold dry areas in Iran
19. Study on rainfed wheat nutrient requirement in dry seasons on farmers’ fields
20. Evaluation of bread wheat genotypes for drought tolerance under rainfed conditions
21. Sararood-1, a newly released barley variety for cold and moderately cold rainfed conditions
22. How risk influences the adoption of new technologies by farmers in low rainfall areas of North Africa
23. Prospects and progress of research on oilseed crops in drylands of Iran
24. Adaptability and stability analysis of grain yield in advanced bread wheat lines in cold and moderate dryland areas of Iran
25. Constrains and future prospects of food legume production in dryland condition
in Iran
26. Efeect of zinc and boron nutrition on the productivity of fingermillet and groundnut based cropping system in dryland conditions
27. Investigation on VAM fungi , phosphorus and drought stress effects on grain yield, phosphorus and water use efficiency in wheat
28. ICARDA 's emerging experience in institutionalizing knowledge management
and dissemination
29. Crop rotations in dryland agriculture of Central Asia: research achievements
and challenges
30. Deficit irrigation for improving water productivity of wheat in northwest Iran
31. Supplemental irrigation for improving water productivity of wheat in
northwest Iran
32. The effect of nitrogen on the yield of two wheat varieties under drought-stress conditions
33. Drip (tape) irrigation can reduce the risk in crop production in water-limited environments
34. Gmelina arborea and lemon grass based agroforestry system for sustainable development of degraded lands in Central India: an appraisal
35. Rubber and resin yield performance of Parthenium argentatum (A. Gray) as alternative crop for arid and semiarid areas
36. Experimental results of forestation in typical desertification areas of West China with water storage and controlled-release film
37. Farming in the desert-advantage and limitation, the Israeli experience

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Meeting information

Eighth International Conference on Dryland Development, Beijing China

Keywords associated to this article: drylands
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